South Africa has very high rates of child poverty, and children are disproportionately represented in poor households. In 2014, close to two thirds of children lived on less than R923 per month.
In 2013, 30% all children lived in households where no adults were working. This includes formal employment as well as income generation through informal and self-employment.
The child support grant is an unconditional cash grant paid to the caregivers of eligible children. It is the biggest of all grants in distribution numbers, and now reaches close to 12 million children each month.
The Foster Child Grant (FCG) is a grant of R890 per month in 2016, paid to the caregiver of a child who has been placed in foster care by a court. 470,000 children receive FCGs. Most of them are orphans living with family members.
The Care Dependency Grant is a non-contributory monthly cash transfer to caregivers of children with severe disabilities who require permanent care. It is worth R1500 per month in 2015.